Entrepreneurship Around the World
Asian Business and Cultural Values
Best Practice – Five Dynamics Model
Asian Entrepreneurship & Asian Family Business
Books about Asian entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship in Asia
1. Alon, Ilan (Ed.) (2003). Chinese Culture, Organizational Behavior, and International Business Management. Praeger.
2. Backman, Michael (1999). Asian Eclipse: Exposing the dark side of Business in Asia. Wiley & Sons.
3. Baek, Nakki and Ra, Wonchan (2001). Entrepreneurship in Korea: An Analysis of Factors Affecting SME Start-Up. Korea Institute for Industrial Economics and Trade.
4. Berger, Suzanne and Lester, Richard K. (1997). Made in Hong Kong. Oxford University Press.
5. Blunt, Peter and Richards, David (Eds.)(1993). Readings in Management, Organisation, nad Culture in East and South East Asia. Northern Territory University Press..
6. Chen, Min (1995). Asian Management Systems: Chinese, Japanese, and Korean styles of business. Routledge.
7. Chung-Hua Institution for Economic Research. Proceedings of a Conference on Confucianism and Economic Development in East Asia, Chung-Hua Institution for Economic Research, Conference Series No. 13.
8. Haley, George T., Haley, Usha C. V. and Tan, Chin Tiong, (2004). The Chinese TAO of Business: The Logic of Successful Business Strategy. John Wiley & Sons.
9. Hamilton, Gary G. (1999). Cosmopolitan Capitalists: Hong Kong and the Chinese Diaspora at her End of the Twentieth Century. University of Washington Press.
10. Hamilton, Gary (Ed.) (1996). Asian Business Networks. Walter de Gruyter.
11. Hung-chao Tai (Editor), (1989). Confucianism and Economic Development: An Oriental Alternative? The Washington Institute Press.
12. Jao, Y. C. (1989). Economic Development in Chinese Societies: Models & Experiences. Coronet Books.
13. Jomo, K. S. and Folk, Brian C. (Eds.) (2003). Ethnic Business: Chinese Capitalism in Southeast Asia. Routledge/Curzon.
14. Kao, Raymond W. Y. and Liang, Tan Wee, (2001). Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Development in Asia. Prentice Hall.
15. McGrath, Rita Gunther and MacMillan, Jan (2000). The Entrepreneurial Mindset: Strategies for Continuously Creating Opportunity in an Age of Uncertainty. Harvard Business School Press.
16. Mohrman, Susan Albers, Cohen, Susan G., and Mohrman, Allan M. Jr. (1995). Designing Team-Based Organizations: New Forms for Knowledge Work. Jossey-Bass.
17. Orru, Marco; Biggart, Nicole Woolsey; and Hamilton, Gary G. (1996). The Economic Organization of East Asian Capitalism. SAGE Publications.
18. Redding, Gordon S. (1995 ). The Spirit of Chinese Capitalism. Walter de Gruyter Inc.
19. Tsui, Anne S. and Chung-Ming Lau (Eds) (2002). The Management of Enterprises in the People’s Republic of China. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
20. Tzu, Sun, and Gagliardi (2002). The Art of War / The Art of Starting a Business. Clearbridge Publishing.
21. Weidenbaum, Murray and Hughes, Samuel (1996). The Bamboo Network: How Expatriate Chinese Entrepreneurs Are Creating a New Economic Superpower in Asia. Martin Kessler Books.
22. Westwood, R. I. (Ed.)(1992). Operational Behavior: Southwest Asian Perspectives. Longman.
23. Whitley, Richard (1992). Business Systems in East Asian: Firms, Markets, and Societies. SAGE.
24. Yao, Souchou (2002). Confucian Capitalism: Discourse, Practice and the Myth of Chinese Enterprise. Routledge/Curzon.
25. Yeung, Henry Wai-Chung (2002). Entrepreneurship and the Internationalization of Asian Firms: An Institutional Perspective. Edward Algar.
26. Yew, Lee Kuan (2002). From Third World to First: The Singapore Story: 1965-2000. HarperCollins.
27. Yu, Tony Fu-Lai (1997). Entrepreneurship and Economic Development in Hong Kong. Routledge.
1. Academy of Management Review (1996). Asian Management Systems: Chinese Japanese and Korean Styles of Business. Oct, Vol. 21, No. 4: 1243-
2. Anderson, A. R. (2003). Increasing role of small business in the Chinese Economy. Journal of Small Business Management, July, Vol. 41, No. 3: 310-316(7).
3. Basu A. and Goswami A. (1999). South Asian Entrepreneurship in GB. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, Vol. 5, No. 5: 25-27(3).
4. Boa, Z. X. (1988). Confucian Ethics and the Four Dragons – Rejoinder to the Theory of Confucian Renaissance. China Forum May: 70-80.
5. Boettke, Peter J. and Coyne, Christopher, J. ( ). What Role for Entrepreneurship in Economic Development? Evidence from the First, Second and Third World. Working Paper 14: Global Prosperity Initiative, Mercatus Center, George Mason University.
6. Bridges.org (2002). Supporting Entrepreneurship in Developing Countries: Survey of the Field and Inventory of Initiatives. Prepared by bridges.org to inform the deliberations of the Business Enterprise and Entrepreneurship Working Group of the UN ICT Task Force. Available online (April 26, 2005) at: http://www.bridges.org/entrepreneurship/entrepreneurship_inventory.pdf
7. Cabell, David W. E. (1975). An Examination of the Exchange Theory of Supervisor-Employee Relationship in a Far East Asian Research Setting. Academy of Management Proceedings, p. 276.
8. Carney, Michael and Gedajlovi, Eric (2001). Organizational Path-Dependence and Institutional Environment: The Case of East Asia’s Chinese Family Business Groups.” ERIM REPORT SERIES RESEARCH IN MANAGEMENT, ERIM Report Series Reference Number: ERS-2001-07-STR.
9. Chaganti, Radba and Greene, Patricia G. (2002). Who Are Ethnic Entrepreneurs? Journal of Small Business Management, April, Vol. 40, Issue 2: 126.
10. Chin, Yee Whah (2004). The State and Chinese Entrepreneurs in Southeast Asia. Asia Insights. No. 3: 8. Available online (April 26, 2005) at: http://www.nias.ku.dk/nytt/2004_3/2004.pdf
11. Chua, Bee-Leng, “Entrepreneurship in Hong Kong: Revitalizing Entrepreneurship.” Presented at the Global Forum – Entrepreneurship in Asia: 4th U.S.-Japan Dialogue. April 16, 2003. Available from the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Foundation.
12. Chua, Bee-Leng; Thomas, Hugh; Ahlstom, David; Law, Cheung-Kwok; Makino, Shigefumi; and Low, Chee-Keong. (2002). Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Hong Kong 2002. Available (April 26, 2005) online at: http://www.gemconsortium.org/category_list.asp?cid=140
13. Clark, Cal (2000). Theories of Development and The Taiwan Experience: Success and Challenge From Incongruity. Paper prepared for presentation at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, August 31 - September 3, 2000, Washington, D.C.
14. Cornelius, Barbara and Naqi, Sayed Ahmed (2002). Resource Exchange and Asian Venture. Venture Capital: An International Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance. Vol. 4, Number 3: 253 – 265.
15. Cox, Taylor H. et al. (1991). Effects of Ethnic Group Cultural Differences on Cooperative and Competitive Behaviour on a Group Task. Academy of Management Journal. Dec, Vol. 34, No. 4: 827.
16. Crafts, Nicholas (1999). East Asian Growth Before and After the Crisis. IMF Staff Papers, Vol. 46, No. 2.
17. Dasher, Richard (2003). Entrepreneurship Education in Asia: Background for Discussion. REE Stanford University, October 23, 2003. Available online (April 26, 2005) at: http://ree.stanford.edu/reeusa03/slides/Dasher.pdf
18. Dhaliwal, S. (2000). Asian Female Entrepreneurs and Women in Business - an Exploratory Study. Enterprise and Innovation Management Studies. May, Vol. 1, No. 2: 207-216.
19. Dhaliwal, S. (2005). Entrepreneurship - a learning process: the experiences of Asian female entrepreneurs and women in business. Education + Training. Vol. 42, No. 8: 445-453.
20. Dolles, Harold and Babo, Michael (2000). Enterprise Development and Economic Reforms: A Comparison of Private Enterprise between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of South Africa. Paper presented at the 17th Annual Conference of the EURO-ASIA-MANAGEMENT-STUDIES-ASSOCIATION, “Globalization and the Uniqueness of Asia” (INSEAD-Singapore).
21. Etizioni, Amitai (1987). Entrepreneurship, Adaptation and Legitimisation. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Vol. 8: 175-189.
22. Fan, David and Li, David, D. (2001). A Survey of the Economics Literature of China’s Non-State Enterprises”, Hang Lung Center for Organizational Research, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology.
23. Ferrara, M. and Roberson, L., Individualism-collectivism in Entrepreneurial Decision-making behaviour. Available April 26, 2005 at: http://www.org2003.sistemacongressi.com/pdf/ferrara_robertson.PDF
24. Gomez, Edmund Terrence (2004). ‘De-Essentializing Capitalism: Chinese Networks and Family Firms in Malaysia. Asia Insights. No. 3: 8. Available online (April 26, 2005) at: http://www.nias.ku.dk/nytt/2004_3/2004.pdf
25. Gong, Yooshiik, and Jang, Wonho (1998). Culture and Development: Reassessing Cultural Explanations on Asian Economic Development. Development and Society, June, Vol. 27, No. 1.
26. Gordon, Redding (2002). Capitalist Business System of China and its Rationale. Asia Pacific Journal of Management. August, Vol. 19, No. 2 – 3: 221 – 249.
27. Grainger, Stephen (2004). Differentiating between Intra-Organisational and Inter-Organisational Guanxi. Proceedings of the 16th Annual Conference of the Association for Chinese Economics Studies, Australia (ACESA). Brisbane, QLD, 19 - 20 July 2004.
28. Hayton, James C.; George, Gerard; and Zahra, Shaker A. (2002). National Culture and Entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, Summer, Vol. 26, No. 4: 33-52.
29. Ho, Ngoc Phuong (2003). Entrepreneurship in Vietnam: Just the Starting Point of the Race”, Presented at the Global Forum – Entrepreneurship in Asia: 4th U.S.-Japan Dialogue. April 16.. Available from the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Foundation.
30. Hofstede & Bond (1988). The Confucius Connection: From cultural roots to economic growth. Organizational Dynamics, 16(4): 4-21.
31. Holt, D.H. (1997). A comparative study of values among Chinese and U.S. entrepreneurs: pragmatic convergence between contrasting cultures. Journal of Business Venturing, Vol. 12, No. 6: 483-505.
33. Huang, Peter H., and Landa, Janet T. (1999), Asian Business Networks and Forms of Economic Organization: A Psychological Game-Theoretic Approach. Paper prepared for presentation at the IRIS Center Conference on Collective Action and Corruption in Emerging Economies at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington DC, May 14.
34. Hughes, Helen (1999). Crony Capitalism and The East Asian Currency and Financial Crisis. Policy. Spring, pp 3-9.
35. Hunt, Stephen and Levie, Jonathan ( ). Culture as a predictor of entrepreneurial activity. Available online (April 26, 2005) at:
36. Jacobsen, Michael (2004). On Entrepreneurship and Ethnic Belonging: Ethnic Chinese SME Entrepreneuring in Southeast Asia. Asia Insights. No. 3: 8. Available online (April 26, 2005) at: http://www.nias.ku.dk/nytt/2004_3/2004.pdf
37. Jung, Ku-Hyun, “An Upsurge of Entrepreneurship in Korea and It’s Possible Reasons”, Prepared for Expert Workshop on Entrepreneurship in Asia: Creating Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy, held in Hong Kong, 8-11 July 2002.
38. Kanapathy, V. ( 2000). Entrepreneurship and Innovation. Akauton Nasional, July: 6-8. Avaailable online (April 26, 2005) at: http://purple.giti.waseda.ac.jp/Bulletin/2001/2001papers/2001original11.pdf
39. Kim, K., Mueller, S., and McGee, J.E. “Entrepreneurial Firm Legitimacy in Confucian Societies.” Paper presented at the Academy of Management annual meetings, Seattle, WA (August 2003).
40. Kreiser, P.; Marino, L.; and Weaver, K. M. ( ). Correlates of Entrepreneurship: The Impact of National Culture on Risk-Taking and Pro activeness in SMEs”, Department of Management and Marketing, University of Alabama
41. Krug, B. and Mehta, J. (2001). Entrepreneurship by Alliance. ERIM Report Series Research in Management, Erasmus Research Institute of Management, December.
42. Krug, Barbara (2000). The Interdependence Between Political and Economic Entrepreneurship. ERIM Report Series: Research in Management (ERS-2000-43-ORG), Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM).
43. Landa, J. T. (1999). The Law and Bioeconomics of Ethnic Cooperation and Conflict in Plural Societies of Southeast Asia: a Theory of Chinese Merchant Success. Journal of Bioeconomics, December, Vol. 1, No. 3: 269-284.
44. Landa, Janet T. (1999). Trust, Capital, and Gift-giving: Chinese Middleman Entrepreneurship. Paper presented at the International Sociological Association’s 14th World Congress of Sociology, Montreal, July 26-August 1, 1999.
45. Lau, V. P. and Shaffer, M. A. ( ). Entrepreneurial Success in the Context of Southeast Asian Values: Scale and Model Development and Assessment. BRC Papers on Cross-Cultural Management, School of Business, Business Research Centre, Hong Kong Baptist University.
46. Li, J. T. and Jing Zhong (2001). China’s Private Sector: A Brief Review of Management and Organization Literature. Hang Lung Center for Organizational Research, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. [DRAFT – FOR DISCUSSION ONLY].
47. Liao, Debbie and Sohmen, Philip (2001). The Development of Modern Entrepreneurship in China. Stanford Journal of Eat Asian Afairs. Spring, Vol. 1: 27-33.
48. Liu, Yingqiu (2003). Development of Private Entrepreneurship in China: Process, Problems, and Countermeasures. Presented at the Global Forum – Entrepreneurship in Asia: 4th U.S.-Japan Dialogue. April 16, 2003. Available from the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Foundation.
49. Liu, Yingqiu (2003). Development of Private Entrepreneurship in China: Process, Problems, and Countermeasures. Presented at the Global Forum – Entrepreneurship in Asia: 4th U.S.-Japan Dialogue. April 16, 2003. Available from the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Foundation.
50. Magic, Peter (2003), High Tech Startups in China. Available (April 26, 2005) at: http://www.cs.utexas.edu/users/magic/papers/China_startups.pdf
51. Mansfield Foundation (2001), Incubating Innovation: Entrepreneurship in Asia. Asia Perspectives, March, Vol. 3, Issue 2.
52. Mansfield Foundation, Entrepreneurship in Asia: Playbook for Prosperity, CD-Rom available from Mansfield Foundation
53. Mansur, Dato Mustafa bin (2003). Entrepreneurship and Innovation Towards the Application of Knowledge Management in Malaysia. From: Entrepreneurship and Innovation in the Knowledge-based Economy: Challenges & Strategies. Report to the APO Symposium on Entrepreneurship in Knowledge-based Industry, Taipei, Republic of China, 23 -26 July 2002.
54. Masurel, E. et al (2002). Motivations and Performance Conditions for Ethnic Entrepreneurship. Growth and Change, Spr. Vol. 33, No. 2: 238-260.
55. McKnight, Lee W. et. al (2001). Nothing Ventured, Nothing Gained? Venture Capital, Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Emerging Markets. 5th International Conference on Technology Policy and Innovation - Delft University of Technology, Netherlands. June 26-29, 2001.
56. Meyers, R. (1989). Confucianism and Economic Development: Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan. Working Papers on International Studies, I-89-24, The Hoover Institution, Stanford University, August.
57. Mohamed A. and Syarisa Y. A. (2003). Strengthening Entrepreneurship in Malaysia. Paper presented at the Global Forum – Entrepreneurship in Asia: 4th U.S.-Japan Dialogue. April 16, 2003. Available from the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Foundation.
58. Morris, Michael H. and Schindehutte, Minet ( 2004). Values as a Factor in Ethnic Entrepreneurship: A Comparison of Six Sub-Cultures. Current Research: Pacific Asian Center for Entrepreneurship and E-Business. Available (April 26,2005) at: http://www.cba.hawaii.edu/pace/website/ValuesasaFactorinEthnicEntrepreneurship.ppt
59. Nguyen, Van Phuc (2002). Entrepreneurship, Institutions, and Main Determinants of Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Study and the East Asian Experience. Ph.D. Seminar Series. Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, The Netherlands. Available online (April 26, 2005) at: http://www.fetp.edu.vn/Events/theFilename/E020409.pdf
60. Paredo, A. M., et al (2004). Towards a Theory of Indigenous Entrepreneurship. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, Vol. 1, Nos. 1-2.
61. Pistrui, David, et. l. (2001). Entrepreneurship in China: Characteristics, Attributes, and Family Forces Shaping the Emerging Private Sector. Family Business Review. June, Vol. 14, No. 2.
62. Poutziouris, P.; Wang, Y.; and Chan, S. (2002). Chinese entrepreneurship: the development of small family firms in China. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development. Nov., Vol. 9, No. 4: 383-399.
63. Powell, B. (2003), “State Development Planning: Did it Create the Asian Miracle?” Global Prosperity Initiative Working Paper 25, Global Prosperity Initiative, Mercatus Center, George Mason University. Available online (April 26, 2005) at: http://www.mercatus.org/article.php/334.html
64. Redding, Gordon (2002). The Capitalist Business System of China and Its Rationale. Asia Pacific Journal of Management. Vol. 19, No. 2-3: 221-249.
65. Redding, S. G. (1996). The Distinct Nature of Chinese Capitalism. The Pacific Review, Vol. 9, No. 3.
66. Richter, Frank-Jurgen; Kidd, John B.; and Xue Li (2000). Asian Management: A Reconceptualization. EAMSA conference 2000, November 23-25, INSEAD, Singapore.
67. Salaff, Janet W.; Greve, Arent; Siu-Lun, Wong; and Lynn Xi Li Ping (2003). Ethnic Entrepreneurship, Social Networks, and the Enclave. In: Approaching Transnationalism: Transnational Societies, Multicultural Contacts, and Imaginings of Home, Kluwer Academic Publishers.Editors: Brenda Yeoh, Tong Chee Kiong, and Michael Walter Charney.
68. Salaff, Janet, and Wong, Siu-Lun, “Professional from China: Entrepreneurship and Social Capital in a Strange Land”, Paper submitted to Asia Pacific Migration Review.
69. Scott, Richard W. (2002). Changing World of Chinese Enterprise. Management of Enterprises in People's Republic of China. Edited by Anne S. Tsui and Chung-Ming Lau, Kluwer Academic Publishers. Chapter 4. pp. 59-78.
70. Shapiro, D. and Erdener, C. (2003). Chinese Family Enterprise: A Theoretical Analysis with Implications for MNE Theory & Research. Academy of Management Proceedings. 2003. p M1.
71. Shenkar, Oded and Ronen, Simcha (1987). Structure and Importance of Work Goals Among Managers in The People's Republic of China. Academy of Management Journal. 1987, Vol. 30, No. 3: 564-576.
72. Somjai, Phagaphasvivat Entrepreneurship in Thailand (2003). Presented at the Global Forum – Entrepreneurship in Asia: 4th U.S.-Japan Dialogue. April 16. Available from the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Foundation.
73. Tan, Wee-Liang (2003). Entrepreneurship Challenges Ahead for Singapore. Presented at the Global Forum – Entrepreneurship in Asia: 4th U.S.-Japan Dialogue. April 16, 2003. Available from the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Foundation.
74. Tan, Wee-Liang, and Tan, Teck-Meng (2002). The Usefulness of Networks to SME’s: The Case of Singapore. 2002 USASBE Annual National Conference: An Entrepreneurial Bonanza, Reno, Nevada.17-20 January 2002.
75. Thurow, Lester et al.( 2001). Incubating Innovation: Entrepreneurship in Asia. In: Asia Perspectives, Mansfield Center for Pacific Affairs, March, Vol. 3, Issue 2.
76. Wang, Yuan (2002). Which Managers Trust Employees? Ownership variation in China’s Transitional Economy. Asia Pacific Business Review, Vol. 9, No. 2: 138-157.
77. Wong, Y.C. Richard (1999). Lessons From the Asian Financial Crisis. Cato Journal, Winter, Vol. 18, No. 3.
78. Wu, Rong-I and Huang, Chung-Che (2003). Entrepreneurship in Taiwan: Turning Point to Restart. Presented at the Global Forum – Entrepreneurship in Asia: 4th U.S.-Japan Dialogue. April 16. Available from the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Foundation.
79. Yonekura, Seiichiro and Lynskey, Michael J. (2003). Nothing Ventured, Nothing Gained. Presented at the Global Forum – Entrepreneurship in Asia: 4th U.S.-Japan Dialogue. April 16, 2003. Available from the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Foundation.
80. Young, Stephen et al. (2003). International Entrepreneurship Research: What Scope for International Business Theories? Journal of International Entrepreneurship. Mar. Vol. 1, No. 1: 31-42.
81. Yu, Tony Fu-Lai (2000 ). Hong Kong's entrepreneurship: behaviours and determinants. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, July, Vol. 12, No. 3: 179 – 194.
82. Zhuang, Guotu (2004). China’s Relations with Ethnic Chinese Entrepreneurs in Southeast Asia: A Research Agenda. Asia Insights. No. 3: 8. Available online (April 26, 2005) at: http://www.nias.ku.dk/nytt/2004_3/2004.pdf