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Asian Business and Cultural Values

Books about Asian Business Values

1.     Alon, Ilan (Ed.) (2003). Chinese Culture, Organizational Behavior, and International Business Management. Praeger.

2.     Chen, M., (1993). The Economic Principles of Confucius and His School. New York: Columbia University Press.

3.     De Mente, Boye Lafayette (1994). Chinese Etiquette & Ethics in Business. McGraw-Hill.

4.     Hung-chao Tai (Ed.) (1989). Confucianism and Economic Development: An Oriental Alternative? The Washington Institute Press.

5.     Jomo, K. S. and Folk, Brian C. (Eds.) (2003). Ethnic Business: Chinese Capitalism in Southeast Asia. Routledge/Curzon.

6.     Koehn, Daryl (2001).  Local Insights, Global Ethics for Business.

7.     Rudnicki, Stefan (Ed.) (1998). Confucius in the Boardroom: Ancient Wisdom, Modern Lessons for Business. Dove Books.

8.     Virk, Rizwan (2004). Zen Entrepreneurship: Walking the Path of the Career Warrior. Xlibris Corporation.

9.     Yao, Souchou (2002). Confucian Capitalism: Discourse, Practice and the Myth of Chinese Enterprise. Routledge/Curzon


Books about Asian cultural attributes that affect business values

1.     Allison, Robert E. (Ed.) (1991). Understanding the Chinese Mind. Oxford.

2.     Alon, Ilan (2003). Chinese Culture, Organizational Behavior, and International Business Management, Praeger Publishers.

3.     Batchelor, Stephen (1998). Buddhism without Beliefs. Riverhead Trade.

4.     Bond, Michael (1991). Beyond the Chinese Face: Insights from Psychology. Oxford University Press.

5.     Bond, Michael Harris (Ed.)(1987). The Psychology of the Chinese People. Oxford University Press.

6.     Chen, M., (1993). The Economic Principles of Confucius and His School. New York: Columbia University Press.

7.     Creel, Herrlee Glessner (1971). Chinese Thought, from Confucius to Mao Tse-Tung. University of Chicago Press.

8.     Grigg, Ray (1995). The New Lao Tzu. Charles E. Tuttle Co., Inc.

9.     Hagen, S. (1999). Buddhism Plain and Simple, Broadway Books.

10.  Hamilton, Gary and Wang, Zheng (1992). From the Soil: The Foundations of Chinese Society: A Translation of Fei Ziaotong’s Xiangtu Zhongguo. University of California Press.

11.  Mahbubani, Kishore (2002). Can Asians Think? Understanding the Divide Between East and West. Steerforth.

12.  Nisbett, Richard (2003). The Geography of Thought: How Asians and Westerners Think Differently…And Why. Free Press.

13.  Reid, T. R. (2000). Confucius Lives Nest Door: What Living in the East Teaches Us About Living in the West. Vintage.

14.  Wilson, Richard W.; Wilson, Amy Auerbacher; and Greenblatt, Sidney L. (Eds.) (1979). Value Change in Chinese Society. Praeger Publishers.

15.  Yang, Kuo-Shu; Hwang, Kwang-Kuo; and Pederson, Paul B. (Eds.) (2003). Progress in Asian Social Psychology: Conceptual and Empirical Contributions. Praeger Publishers.


Journal Articles

1.        Academy of Management Proceedings (2002). Survey Response Bias Among Chinese Managers. Academy of Management Proceedings, 2002, pJ1, 6p.

2.        Ang, Swee Hoon and Hong, Don G.P. (2000).  Entrepreneurial spirit among East Asian Chinese. Thunderbird International Business Review. Vol. 42, No. 3: 285-309.

3.        Bian, Yanjie and Zhang, Zhanxin (2001). China’s Private Economy: Sociological Views. Hang Lung Center for Organizational Research, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology.    

4.        Boa, Z. X. (1988). Confucian Ethics and the Four Dragons – Rejoinder to the Theory of Confucian Renaissance. China Forum May: 70-80.

5.        Bond, M. H. , & Hafstede, G. (1989). The Cash Value of Confucian Values. Human Systems Management 8: 195-200.

6.        Carney, Michael and Gedajlovi, Eric (2001). Organizational Path-Dependence and Institutional Environment: The Case of East Asia’s Chinese Family Business Groups.” ERIM REPORT SERIES RESEARCH IN MANAGEMENT, ERIM Report Series Reference Number: ERS-2001-07-STR.

7.        Chan, Jonathan (2004). Confucian Business Ethics and the Nature of Business Decisions. Center for Business Ethics, Cameron School of Business, University of St. Thomas. Available online (April 26, 2005) at: http://www.stthom.edu/cbes/jonachan.html

8.        Choi, Jong-Tae (   ). Transformation of Korean HRM based on Confucian Values. College of Business Administration, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. Available (April 26, 2005) at: http://www.fu-berlin.de/iira/papers/track_1/Workshop_1_4_Choi.pdf

9.        Clark, Cal (2000). Theories of Development and The Taiwan Experience: Success and Challenge From Incongruity. Paper prepared for presentation at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, August 31 - September 3, 2000, Washington, D.C.

10.     Cox, Taylor H. et al. (1991). Effects of Ethnic Group Cultural Differences on Cooperative and Competitive Behaviour on a Group Task. Academy of Management Journal. Dec, Vol. 34, No. 4: 827.

11.     Culpepper, Robert, et al. (2002). Survey Response Bias Among Chinese Managers. Academy of Management Proceedings,  pJ1.

12.     Degadt, J. (2003). Business family and family business: Complementary and conflicting values” Journal of Enterprising Culture. 11(4): 79-397.

13.     Ferrara, M. and Roberson, L., Individualism-collectivism in Entrepreneurial Decision-making behaviour. Available April 26, 2005 at: http://www.org2003.sistemacongressi.com/pdf/ferrara_robertson.PDF

14.     Gong, Yooshik and Jang, Wonho (1998). Culture and Development: Reassessing Cultural Explanations on Asian Economic Development. Development and Society. June, Vol. 27, No. 1.

15.     Grainger, Stephen (2004). Differentiating between Intra-Organisational and Inter-Organisational Guanxi. Proceedings of the 16th Annual Conference of the Association for Chinese Economics Studies, Australia (ACESA). Brisbane, QLD, 19 - 20 July 2004.

16.     Hahn, Chan K. and Waterhouse, Warren C. (1972). Confucian Theories of Man and Organization. Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 15, No. 3: 355-363, 1972.

17.     Hanafin, J. J. (2002). Morality and the Market in China: Some Contemporary Views. Business Ethics Quarterly, Vol. 11, No. 1:1-18.

18.     Harvey, Brian (1999). ‘Graceful Merchants’ A Contemporary View of Chinese Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 20:  85-92.

19.     Hayton, James C.; George, Gerard; and Zahra, Shaker A. (2002). National Culture and Entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, Summer, Vol. 26, No. 4: 33-52.

20.     Hill, Sarah (2004). Choices Facing the Fourth Generation [of China’s leaders]. Occasional Paper: Research Institute for Asia & the Pacific, The University of Sydney, Australia. Available online (April 26, 2005) at: http://www.riap.usyd.edu.au/research/publications/documents/SarahHill.pdf

21.     Hofstede & Bond (1988). The Confucius Connection: From cultural roots to economic growth. Organizational Dynamics, 16(4): 4-21.

22.     Holt, D.H. (1997). A comparative study of values among Chinese and U.S. entrepreneurs: pragmatic convergence between contrasting cultures. Journal of Business Venturing, Vol. 12, No. 6: 483-505.

23.     Huang, Peter H., and Landa, Janet T. (1999), Asian Business Networks and Forms of Economic Organization: A Psychological Game-Theoretic Approach. Paper prepared for presentation at the IRIS Center Conference on Collective Action and Corruption in Emerging Economies at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington DC, May 14.

24.     Hughes, Helen (1999). Crony Capitalism and The East Asian Currency and Financial Crisis. Policy. Spring, pp 3-9.

25.     Kirby, D. and Ying, F. (1995).Chinese Cultural Values and Entrepreneurship: A Preliminary Consideration. Journal of Enterprising Culture, Vol. 3, No. 3.

26.     Kit-Chun Joanna, Lam (2002). Confucian Business Ethics and the Economy. BBC Working Papers, School of Business, Business Research Centre, Hong Kong Baptist University.

27.     Kit-Chun, Joanna Lam (2002). Confucian and Christian Market Morality, BRC Working Papers, School of Business, Business Research Centre, Hong Kong Baptist University.

28.     Koehn, D. (2001). Confucian Trustworthiness and the Practice of Business in China. Business Ethics Quarterly, Vol. 11, No. 3: 415-29.

29.     Koehn, Daryl (1999). What Can Eastern Philosophy Teach Us About Business Ethics? Journal of Business Ethics, Mar.  Vol. 19, No. 1: 71.

30.     Kreiser, P.; Marino, L.; and Weaver, K. M. (   ). Correlates of Entrepreneurship: The Impact of National Culture on Risk-Taking and Pro activeness in SMEs”, Department of Management and Marketing, University of Alabama

31.     Landa, J. T. (1999). The Law and Bioeconomics of Ethnic Cooperation and Conflict in Plural Societies of Southeast Asia: a Theory of Chinese Merchant Success. Journal of Bioeconomics, December, Vol. 1, No. 3: 269-284.

32.     Landa, Janet T. (1999). Trust, Capital, and Gift-giving: Chinese Middleman Entrepreneurship. Paper presented at the International Sociological Association’s 14th World Congress of Sociology, Montreal, July 26-August 1, 1999.

33.     Lau, V. P. and Shaffer, M. A. (   ). Entrepreneurial Success in the Context of Southeast Asian Values: Scale and Model Development and Assessment. BRC Papers on Cross-Cultural Management, School of Business, Business Research Centre, Hong Kong Baptist University.

34.     Lau, V. P. and Shaffer, M. A.. (   ). Entrepreneurial Career Success in the Context of Southeast Asian Values: Scale and Model Development and Assessment. BRC Papers on Cross-Cultural Management, School of Business, Business Research Centre, Hong Kong Baptist University.

35.     Lee, M. and Ruhe J. A. (1999). Ethical Mindsets of Christianity and Confucianism: A Comparative Study. International Journal of Value-Based Management, Jan, Vol. 12, No. 1.

36.     Lee, Seung-Hwan (2000). Asian Values and the Future of the Confucian Culture. East Asian Review 12(1): 45-61.

37.     Lu, Xiaohe (2003). Business Ethics in China. Journal of Business Ethics. Vol. 16, No. 14: 1509-1518.

38.     Masurel, E. et al (2002). Motivations and Performance Conditions for Ethnic Entrepreneurship. Growth and Change, Spr. Vol. 33, No. 2: 238-260.

39.     Morris, Michael H. and Schindehutte, Minet ( 2004). Values as a Factor in Ethnic Entrepreneurship: A Comparison of Six Sub-Cultures. Current Research: Pacific Asian Center for Entrepreneurship and E-Business. Available (April 26,2005) at: http://www.cba.hawaii.edu/pace/website/ValuesasaFactorinEthnicEntrepreneurship.ppt

40.     Moy J.W.H.; Luk V.W.M.; and Wright P.C. (2003). Perceptions of Entrepreneurship as a Career. Equal Opportunities International. April, Vol. 22, No. 4: 16-40.

41.     Myers, R. (1989). Confucianism and Economic Development: Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan. Working Papers on International Studies, I-89-24, The Hoover Institution, Stanford University, August.

42.     Pistrui, David, et. l. (2001). Entrepreneurship in China: Characteristics, Attributes, and Family Forces Shaping the Emerging Private Sector. Family Business Review. June, Vol. 14, No. 2.

43.     Poutziouris, P.; Wang, Y.; and Chan, S. (2002). Chinese entrepreneurship: the development of small family firms in China. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development. Nov., Vol. 9, No. 4: 383-399.

44.     Pun, Kit Fan; Chin, Kwai-Sang; and Lau, Henry (2000). A review of the Chinese cultural influences on Chinese enterprise management. International Journal of Management Reviews, December, Vol. 2, No. 4, 325 -

45.     Redding, G. and Casey, T. (1976). Managerial Beliefs Among Asian Managers. Academy of Management Proceedings, p. 351.

46.     Redding, Gordon and Wong, Gilbert Y. Y. (1986).The Psychology of Chinese Organizational Behaviour. In: Bond, Michael H. (Ed), The Psychology of the Chinese People, Oxford University Press, pp. 265-295.

47.     Robertson, Peter J.; Lo, Carlos Wing-Hung; and Tang, Shui-Yan (2003). Antecedents of Commitment among Public Employees in China. A paper presented at the Public Management Research Conference, Georgetown University, October, 2003.

48.     Salaff, Janet W.; Greve, Arent; Siu-Lun, Wong; and Lynn Xi Li Ping (2003). Ethnic Entrepreneurship, Social Networks, and the Enclave. In: Approaching Transnationalism: Transnational Societies, Multicultural Contacts, and Imaginings of Home, Kluwer Academic Publishers.Editors: Brenda Yeoh, Tong Chee Kiong, and Michael Walter Charney.

49.     Shapiro, D. and Erdener, C. (2003). Chinese Family Enterprise: A Theoretical Analysis with Implications for MNE Theory & Research. Academy of Management Proceedings. 2003. p M1.

50.     Shenkar, Oded and Ronen, Simcha (1987). Structure and Importance of Work Goals Among Managers in The People's Republic of China. Academy of Management Journal. 1987, Vol. 30, No. 3: 564-576.

51.     Steidlmeier, P. (1997). Business Ethics and Politics in China. Business Ethics Quarterly, Vol. 7, No. 3: 131-143.

52.     Thomas, A. S. and Mueller, S. L. (2000). A Case for Comparative Entrepreneurship: Assessing the Relevance of Culture. Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 31, No. 2: 287-301(15).

53.     Wang, Jinguo, et.al (2000). The Role of Confucian Values in East Asian Development: Before and After the Financial Crisis. Journal of International and Areas Studies, Vol. 7, No. 1: 115-135.

54.     Wang, Yuan (2002). Which Managers Trust Employees? Ownership variation in China’s Transitional Economy. Asia Pacific Business Review, Vol. 9, No. 2: 138-157.

55.     Yan, J. and Sorenson, R. (2004). The Influence of Confucian Ideology on Conflict in Chinese Family Business. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, 2004, Vol. 4(1): 5-7.

56.     Yu, Tony Fu-Lai (2000 ). Hong Kong's entrepreneurship: behaviours and determinants. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, July, Vol. 12, No. 3: 179 – 194.




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